At IDACA we have been always concerned about the difficult topic of breast cancer. That is why we offer digital mammograms and tomosynthesis: the most important examinations to prevent and detect the sickness at its early stage.
WHAT WILL THE PATIENT FEEL DURING THE MAMMOGRAM?
To perform the mammogram, the patient will have to take off the top clothing and put on a hospital gown given by the nurse. In the mammogram room, our technician will gently tell you how you should be at the device. Then the technician will place your right breast on the surface where the compression will be done. The same will happen to the left breast. The whole examination takes 10 minutes.
The routine examination requires at least 2 projections of each breast. These images are evaluated by a specialist. And depending of the results, the doctor will decide if more projections or a complementary ultrasound scan are required.
During the compression, the patient will go through a bearable pressure that lasts a few seconds and will be asked to hold the breathing for a few seconds too. In case of presenting any doubt, do not hesitate and tell the technician who will gently help you.
DOES THE PATIENT NEED ANY PREPARATION?
On the day of the examination, the patient cannot be wearing body creams, talcum powder or deodorant in the area of breast or armpits. And it is recommendable to schedule an appointment when not presenting pain in the breast due to the PM syndrome.
On the day of the test, it is important that all the patients bring the medical order, the previous studies (if they have) and comfortable clothes with no metal pieces such as sport pants. It is forbidden to bring any kind of item of clothing such as bracelets, watches, earrings, jewels and piercings.
All these suggestions will make the examination easier and reduce the wait time.
IS THERE ANY RISK?
The mammogram is a safe method. Its viability has been confirmed worldwide after many researches. This examination exposes the patients to low radiation doses (0.3 rads). So, it is not possible – in well calibrated units- to introduce any type of pathology as a result of the radiation received during the routine mammogram practiced throughout the lifetime.
It is mandatory to bring the medical order on the day of the examination.
The mammograms are performed by order of arrival from Mondays to Fridays. From 8:00 am to 5:00 pm and on Saturdays from Saturdays from 8:00 am to 1:00 pm
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS THAT PREDISPOSE TO BREAST CANCER?
Being a woman is the factor that predisposes the most. There are other known factors but we have to keep in mind that only one out of four patients presents two or more risk factors that lead to the development of the cancer.
Risk factors that we cannot modify:
Personal record of breast cancer
Family background of breast cancer
The gender. One man out of 100 women suffering from breast cancer is affected by the sickness.
The age. There is slight raise in the incidence from the age of 50.
Menarche (early pubertal timing)
Late menopause (after the age of 50)
Nulliparity (lack of pregnancy)
Risk factors we can modify: lifestyle
Obesity and diets full on saturated fat
Excessive consumption of alcohol
The use of oral contraceptives for long a time. Even though, nowadays it depends on the kind of contraceptive used. There are modern alternatives that are very safe.
The mammogram is the only worldwide available method at the hand of most of the women to prevent breast cancer. Besides this test there are other efficient options such as the auto-examination and the annual medical evaluation.
Talk with your treating doctor
The health is a basic human right. Breast cancer is a painful reality and we can fight and beat it successfully.
In our women service area, we have Hologic equipment. This brand is worldwide known for the preciseness and quality in the breast diagnosis.
The Selenia Dimensions 2D-3D digital mammogram with Tomosynthesis tecnology is the most technological advancement in terms of mammograms. Besides generating 2D ordinaries images, Selenia Dimensions can make 15 1-milimitered projections through the continuous move of the x-rays tube that is rotated 15°. The result of this process is the obtaining of defined images of the breast allowing the doctor to observe the totality of the breast tissue for a better and precise diagnosis.
In a 2D mammogram the doctors can only see the image from one angle because the structures that are superimposed avoid the doctor perceiving any benign or malign sign.